Construction workers perform an important job by creating infrastructure, buildings and homes.
However, their work often exposes them to a higher risk of injury. They often face hazards like working at heights, operating heavy machinery and dealing with potentially dangerous materials.
1. Falls from heights
The construction industry accounts for nearly 20% of workplace fatalities, many occurring after workers fall from heights. Workers often perform tasks on scaffolds, ladders or elevated platforms. Failing to use safety measures like guardrails or harnesses increases fall risk. These accidents can result in severe injuries such as broken bones, head trauma and death.
2. Striking accidents
Construction sites feature heavy machinery and equipment. Objects like cranes, trucks or falling tools strike workers and injure them. Inadequate signaling or poor communication can lead to these types of accidents. This can cause various complications, including fractures and concussions.
3. Electrical incidents
Electricity plays a critical role in many construction projects. However, mishandling it can lead to electric shocks or electrical fires. Workers may face exposure to live wires, faulty equipment or unsafe electrical connections. These incidents can result in burns and cardiac issues.
4. Trips and slips
Construction sites often exhibit messiness, such as uneven surfaces and wet areas. Workers trip over tools, materials or rough terrain. This can lead to sprains, strains or fractures. Slips on slippery surfaces, like drying concrete or oil spills, can also cause injuries ranging from minor bruises to more serious fractures.
5. Excavation accidents
Workers engaged in trenching and excavation activities face unique risks. Trench or excavation collapses can bury workers under tons of soil, resulting in suffocation or crushing injuries. It is necessary to properly shore and use trench boxes to prevent these accidents.
6. Chemical exposure
Construction sites might entail the use of hazardous chemicals and substances. Inadequate handling or insufficient protection can result in chemical burns, respiratory issues or other long-term health problems.
7. Heat-related illnesses
Working outdoors under extreme heat conditions can lead to heat-related illnesses like heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Preventing these potentially life-threatening conditions requires proper hydration, rest breaks and protective gear.
Understanding the dangers of construction work is important in safeguarding workers from injury.