Traumatic brain damage is one of the most common injuries in workplaces across the nation. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an average of 155 people die every day as a result of traumatic brain injuries. During one year, approximately 2.5 million people visited the emergency room or hospital or died from brain injury complications.
These injuries can occur in several workplaces, from construction sites and warehouses to office buildings. Brain injuries are the result of slip-and-fall incidents, objects falling on workers’ heads or workers falling from heights. The employer must ensure workers are safe and know how to prevent traumatic brain injuries from occurring.
How brain injuries occur
A sudden jolt or impact to the head may cause the soft tissue of the brain to hit the bony skull bone. Depending on the force of the impact, the hit may cause brain bleeding, bruising and inflammation. As the brain continues to swell in the skull cavity, additional pressure may lead to further damage. It is critical to seek medical care as soon as possible.
Identifying the signs and symptoms
The symptoms of traumatic brain injuries vary depending on what part of the brain sustains injury. They may be difficult to identify, as many signs may be mistaken for other ailments or conditions. Yet, it is critical to identify these symptoms, as doing so may lead to early identification of the problem. These signs include the following:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Persistent headaches
- Dizziness and confusion
- Muscle weakness and tingling in the extremities
- Seizures, convulsions and unconsciousness
- Depression, anxiety and changes in mood
People who suffer from traumatic brain damage may have trouble sleeping, remembering events, planning and/or problem solving. Victims may experience sensory deficiencies, such as decreased vision or hearing. With rehabilitation and therapy, people suffering from traumatic brain injuries can often regain many of the abilities lost due to the accident.